Wednesday, June 17, 2020

History of Slavery Part 1

The first British Colony to approve slavery was Massachusetts (now a democratic state).
Slavery’s Roots: War and Economic Domination
·       6800 B.C. The world’s first city-state emerges in Mesopotamia. Land ownership and the early stages of technology bring war—in which enemies are captured and forced to work: slavery.
·       2575 B.C. Temple art celebrates the capture of slaves in battle. Egyptians capture slaves by sending special expeditions up the Nile River.
·       550 B.C. The city-state of Athens uses as many as 30,000 slaves in its silver mines.
·       120 A.D. Roman military campaigns capture slaves by the thousands. Some estimate the population of Rome is more than half slave.
·       500 Anglo-Saxons enslave the native Britons after invading England.
·       1000 Slavery is a normal practice in England’s rural, agricultural economy, as destitute workers place themselves and their families in a form of debt bondage to landowners.
·       1380 In the aftermath of the Black Plague, Europe’s slave trade thrives in response to a labor shortage. Slaves pour in from all over the continent, the Middle East, and North Africa.
·       1444 Portuguese traders bring the first large cargo of slaves from West Africa to Europe by sea—establishing the Atlantic slave trade.
·       1526 Spanish explorers bring the first African slaves to settlements in what would become the United States. These first African-Americans stage the first known slave revolt in the Americas.
·       1550 Slaves are depicted as objects of conspicuous consumption in much Renaissance art.
·       1641 Massachusetts becomes the first British colony to legalize slavery.