Tuesday, February 16, 2016

Partisan vs. Nonpartisan Elections

Proponents of nonpartisan ballots suggest that:
Image result for non-partisan elections
·                Political parties are irrelevant to providing services.
·                Cooperation between elected officials belonging to different parties is more likely.
Proponents for partisan elections argue that:
·                The absence of party labels confuses voters; a voter who must choose from among a group of candidates whom she knows nothing about will have no meaningful basis in casting a ballot.
·                In the absence of a party ballot, voters will turn to whatever cue is available, which often turns out to be the ethnicity of a candidate's name.
·                Non-partisanship tends to produce elected officials more representative of the upper socioeconomic strata than of the general populace and aggravates the class bias in voting turnout, because in true non-partisan systems there are no organizations of local party workers to bring lower-class citizens to the polls on election day.
Listed below is the form of government for the thirty most populous cities in the United States, based on the most current U.S. Census projections. The table uses updated information from the member database at the National League of Cities.
Election Type of the 32 Cities
Rank
City Name
State
Election Type
1
New York
NY
Partisan
2
Los Angeles
CA
Non-Partisan
3
Chicago
IL
Non-Partisan
4
Houston
TX
Partisan
5
Phoenix
AZ
Non-Partisan
6
Philadelphia
PA
Partisan
7
San Antonio
TX
Non-Partisan
8
Dallas
TX
Non-Partisan
9
San Diego
CA
Non-Partisan
10
San Jose
CA
Non-Partisan
11
Detroit
MI
Non-Partisan
12
San Francisco
CA
Non-Partisan
13
Jacksonville
FL
Non-Partisan
14
Indianapolis
IN
Partisan
15
Austin
TX
Non-Partisan
16
Columbus
OH
Non-Partisan
17
Fort Worth
TX
Non-Partisan
18
Charlotte
NC
Partisan
19
Memphis
TN
Non-Partisan
20
Baltimore
MD
Partisan
21
Boston
MA
Non-Partisan
22
El Paso
TX
Non-Partisan
23
Milwaukee
WI
Non-Partisan
24
Denver
CO
Non-Partisan
25
Seattle
WA
Non-Partisan
26
Nashville
TN
Non-Partisan
27
Washington
DC
Partisan
28
Las Vegas
NV
Non-Partisan
29
Portland
OR
Non-Partisan
30
Louisville
KY
Partisan
31      Phoenix       AZ     Non-Partisan
32     Scottsdale   AZ     Non-Partisan
Sources
MacManus, Susan A. and Charles S. Bullock, III. "The Form, Structure, and Composition of America's Municipalities in the New Millenium." In The Municipal Year Book 2003. Washington, DC: International City/County Management Association 2003.  
Ross, Bernard and Myron A. Levine. Urban Politics: Power in Metropolitan American, 6th edition. Florence, KY: Wadsworth Publishing, 2000.  

Svara, James H. Two Decades of Continuity and Change in American City Councils. Washington, D.C.: National League of Cities, September, 2003. 

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