On Sept. 22, 1862, President Abraham Lincoln issued the preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, declaring all slaves in rebel states should be free as of Jan. 1, 1863.
A Proclamation by the President of the United States
The War Still to be Prosecuted for the Restoration of the Union
A Decree of Emancipation
All Slaves in States in Rebellion on the First of January Next to be Free
The Gradual Abolition and Colonization Schemes Adhered to
Loyal Citizens to be Remunerated for Losses, Including Slaves
William H. Seward, Secretary of State.